Because of its unique qualities, gold had spiritual meaning in many ancient civilizations. To the Sumerians, gold was divine and it used to make sacred instruments for the temples. At the beginning of Egypt, gold was part of the sacred sphere, the solar metal. In North Africa, the Sahara and the Sahel, gold was considered an effective way to avert the evil eye. But West Africans feared gold and avoided it because it had its own life, an evil and dangerous spirit that had the power to kill, hurt, or drive a crazy one.
In Colombia, a combination of gold and copper called tumbaga was popular. It was the color, not the proportion of gold content, which was important to the Inca, which associated gold with the sunshine of Inti. To the Aztecs and the Mayans, jade was more valuable than gold. The Aztecs believed gold was the leveling of the god. This belief influenced how they see the Spanish desire for gold! The Aztecs, however, made gold nostrils and labyrinth worn through perforations in the lower lips of their lines.
In Greece, rich citizens as well as the state made regular offerings of gold jewelry and jewelry to the gods as a means of gaining advantage and also of creating status. Gold jewelry was placed on cult statues in the temples.
Gold had no metaphysical value in Rome until 300 years when Constantine declared Roman Christian and melted down the ancient gods' statues to mint coins and spell out the bankrupt kingdom. From then on, gold became an expression of light in the church. In addition, the gold represented the eternity of God because it is indestructible as the glow of the Holy Ghost. It was used to adorn sacred basilicas, churches and cathedrals until the end of the Middle Ages. Masters goldsmiths worked for 15 years at Charlemagne's relic in Aachen. Medieval gold work was also justified as law to God, but it was always controversial.
From the earliest times, gold has played a central role in the basic struggle of humanity for power and wealth. At the same time, it has been closely linked to our efforts to join a higher being. In many ways, gold is a suitable metaphor for these parts of the human society that never change even when empires rise and fall. Spain was graciously plundered for gold by the Etruscans and Romans, and then continued to become a gold pillar of unprecedented zeal in America. And the bike continues to this day. No high-tech innovations have yet shifted our attraction towards gold, so it is a good bet that future goldsmiths will be livelier than ever.